Posts Tagged ‘listening skills’

Classroom Socratic Seminars: Teaching the Art of Dialogue

Statue of Socrates in Trinity College Library

Statue of Socrates in Trinity College Library (Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International/(c) Bar Harel, CC BY-SA 4.0, Wikimedia Commons)

Information literacy skills are integral to today’s rising students for many reasons, including tendencies toward information overload and the trend of fake news.

The gathering of information begins with a need or desire for an answer to a question. Perhaps that question is posed by a teacher or by the student herself. The next course of action in schools these days is usually to consult a website, or perhaps a book. Information literacy skills support students in navigating this process of finding answers.

But once students are equipped with these vital research skills and find answers to questions, what is the next step toward understanding and integrating the information they find?

Another way to ask that question might be this: How can we turn information gathering into wisdom?

“Wonder is the beginning of wisdom.”—Socrates

Socrates prized questioning over information gathering. He valued the qualities of critical thinking and engagement with a topic. He believed in creating a learning atmosphere of cooperation, dialogue, listening, and further questioning—cornerstones of the Socratic method, and foundations of the Socratic seminar.

Socrates believed that collecting and memorizing information provided little opportunity for true learning. And as learning was best nurtured in a social atmosphere, the lone activity of research provided little support for critical thinking and comprehension.

Navigating and bridging the educational essentials of research and the art of critical thinking may be a challenging journey.

The Socratic seminar is one way to help connect these two elements of a successful classroom.

“Education is the kindling of a flame, not the filling of a vessel.”—Socrates

The Socratic seminar provides students with a forum to ask questions and exchange ideas with their peers on a specific topic, event, or piece of literature. Students come prepared to engage in discussion with fellow students, having read assigned materials, conducted appropriate research, made personal connections, and formulated questions to bring to the seminar.

The teacher becomes the seminar’s facilitator, keeping the students on topic and asking open-ended questions when necessary. The goal is to allow students to practice the art of true dialogue. Emphasis is placed on the value of listening and respecting everyone’s questions and opinions. Socratic seminars are not debates; rather, they are cooperative conversations geared toward critical thinking and discovery.

Interested in learning more about this teaching and learning tool? Check out this Socratic Seminar Strategy Guide and this Seminar Discussion Rubric, and select from these Socratic seminar lesson plans on literary texts, immigration, and human gene editing.

“I cannot teach anybody anything. I can only make them think.”—Socrates

Doodling: It Does a Brain Good


Credit: Pixabay. License: CC0 Public Domain.


Have you ever been in class or a meeting and find yourself doodling—drawing pictures or writing words—in the margins or your notebook or on your agenda? It happens frequently among the most focused students and teachers. Although many believe doodlers create their work because the mind is wandering, daydreaming or bored, that is not always the case. Doodling is not a “mindless activity” but more likely an engaging and productive one.  It is no longer considered a waste of time.

According to current research in neuroscience and psychology, doodling can assist in managing focus and absorbing information.  For children with learning and attention deficits such as ADHD, research has shown doodling can help them with concentration and keep them from distractions because it is a repetitive function.

Even presidents of the United States doodled. Herbert Hoover was a “prolific presidential doodler.”  Ronald Reagan doodled sketches at a meeting of world leaders in Ottawa in 1981. Congressmen have been known to auction their doodles to raise funds noting that doodling raises concentration.  Leaders of major corporations are doodlers. Bill Gates is a notable one.

Doodling can have positive consequences. College student Jody Steel turned the fame she gained from the doodles she created on her right thigh while in class into several job offers.

Research continues to be conducted on doodling as it relates to concentration, listening and thinking. Doodling may not work for everyone, but it can be an effective and powerful tool in maintaining attention and focus.  Catch the doodle bug!